The Comprehensive Guide to Antidepressant Medication List in Australia

Jan 14, 2024


Welcome to Australian Pharmacy, your trusted online pharmacy store for all your medication needs in Australia. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various types of antidepressant medications available in the country. If you or someone you know is seeking treatment for depression, anxiety, or related mental health conditions, understanding the wide range of options can help you make informed decisions about your treatment plan.

Understanding Antidepressant Medications

Antidepressant medications are primarily used to treat depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, and other mental health conditions. They work by altering the chemical balance in the brain to alleviate symptoms such as persistent sadness, loss of interest, changes in appetite, and sleep disturbances. It is important to note that these medications require a prescription and should be taken under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Types of Antidepressant Medications

1. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

SSRIs are the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant medications in Australia. They work by increasing the levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain that regulates mood. Some popular SSRIs include:

  • Fluoxetine
  • Sertraline
  • Escitalopram

2. Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)

SNRIs are another category of antidepressant medications that increase the levels of both serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. By targeting these two neurotransmitters, they can provide relief from depression and anxiety symptoms. Common SNRIs include:

  • Venlafaxine
  • Duloxetine

3. Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)

TCAs are an older class of antidepressants that are often prescribed when SSRIs or SNRIs prove to be ineffective. These medications work by blocking the reabsorption of serotonin and norepinephrine, thus increasing their levels in the brain. TCAs that are still widely used in Australia include:

  • Amitriptyline
  • Imipramine

4. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)

MAOIs are another type of antidepressant medication that can be prescribed to individuals who do not respond to other treatments. They work by inhibiting the action of monoamine oxidase, an enzyme that breaks down neurotransmitters in the brain. While effective, MAOIs may come with dietary restrictions and specific precautions due to potential interactions with certain foods and drugs.

5. Atypical Antidepressants

Atypical antidepressants encompass a diverse group of medications that do not fit into the traditional categories. They work by targeting various neurotransmitters in the brain to alleviate depression and anxiety symptoms. Popular atypical antidepressants in Australia include:

  • Mirtazapine
  • Bupropion
  • Trazodone

Finding the Right Antidepressant Medication for You

Every individual's response to antidepressant medications can vary, so finding the right medication may involve some trial and error. It is crucial to work closely with your healthcare professional to monitor your progress and make any necessary adjustments. Remember, medication alone is not always the solution, and it is often recommended to combine it with therapy or other forms of treatment.


In this comprehensive guide, we have explored the various antidepressant medication categories available in Australia. From SSRIs to MAOIs, each type of medication targets different neurotransmitters in the brain to alleviate depression and anxiety symptoms. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional to determine which medication is best suited for your unique situation. At Australian Pharmacy, we are committed to providing reliable information and quality medications to support your wellbeing.

antidepressant medication list australia